In this section

In this section

Abandon
Options which are Out-of-the-Money at expiration date are not declared and are said to be abandoned.
Allocated
Numbered bars of precious metal which have been 'allocated' in the vault to the purchaser of the metal. (See 'unallocated'.)
American Option (or US Style)
Is an option that can be exercised at any time during the life of the contract rather than being due only on its expiration date.
Arbitrage
Arbitrage means matching deals across more than one market. For instance, the purchase of metal at the LME and the simultaneous sale of an equivalent quantity of the same metal at the New York Commodity Exchange.
Asian Option
This is a cash-settled option on the average price of a given metal in a given averaging period.
At-The-Money
An option is said to be at-the-money when the strike price is the same as the current market price of the underlying metal.
Averaging
Where a party buys or sells in advance at the future price of a quotational period in an effort to capture or limit contango or backwardation in advance, so mitigating any future spread variance.
Backwardation
Backwardation (or Back) is the situation where the spot price of a metal is higher than the price for future delivery, or where a short term delivery price is higher than a long term delivery price.
Bid
The price a buyer is prepared to pay.
Borrowing
This means 'borrowing metal from the market', or in other words, buying at a nearby date and simultaneously selling at a date further forward.
Broker
A party which mediates between a buyer and a seller.
Brokerage
Commission charged by a broker for completing a transaction on the exchange.
Bull
A bull market is associated with increasing investor confidence, motivating investors to buy in anticipation of rising prices. Someone who believes prices will rise is known as a bull.
Business Day
Any day except Saturday, Sunday or public holiday in England, or any day designated not to be by the LME directors.
Call Option (or Call)
A financial contract which gives the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to purchase a particular futures contract at a certain date and at a specific strike price.
Carry / Carrying
Carrying is the general term used for both borrowing and lending on the LME.
Cash
On the LME, the spot position for trading (with settlement on the second following day).
Clearing
The process of settling all the differences between LME clearing members at the end of the day's trading.
Clearing House
An independent body appointed or owned by an exchange to clear and guarantee business transacted between member brokers.
Comex
The New York Commodity Exchange, on which copper, aluminium, gold and silver are traded on a monthly contract basis.
Commission House
A term referring to brokerage houses, usually American, which execute general commissionable business on behalf of clients in securities and futures.
Contango
The situation when the price of a metal for future delivery is higher than the spot price, or where a long term delivery price is higher than a short term delivery price.
Day Order (GAD)
An order placed with a broker which is valid throughout all the rings and kerbs on the day on which it was placed.
Declaration
When an option buyer informs an option grantor that he is taking up his right to buy (or sell) metal under the option contract, he is said to be declaring.
Declaration Date
The date on which the buyer's right to exercise his option expires if not declared.
Delivery Date
The date on which a metal has to be delivered to fulfil the contract terms.
Delta
The measurement of the rate of change in premium for every dollar change in the underlying price.
Derivatives
Generic term originating from the financial sector for all contracts related to an underlying security or commodity, whether or not they are traded on a futures exchange.
Difference
In clearing, contracts are concluded at maturity by the payment by buyer to seller (or vice versa) of the difference between the contract price and the corresponding settlement price.